Language Arts

 Grammar and Language Art Words
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  1. NounA word that names a person, a place, a thing, or an idea. A noun can tell who or what
  2. who

    man
    baby
    teacher
    student
    clown
    what

    garden
    city
    backpack
    mouse
    happiness
        AdjectiveA word that describes a noun
    Some adjectives tell how many. Other adjectives tell what kind
    What kind  
    My dog likes to swim in the pond. 
    My big dog likes to swim in the pond.
    How many   
    My dogs like to swim in the pond. 
    My three dogs like to swim in the pond.
      
  3. Antonym: A word opposite to another in meaning.
          I stood near the hot stove because I felt cold
          
         The huge brown bear sniffed her tiny cub.

    4Synonym: A word that has the same or almost the same meaning as another word.

      
         Mrs. Barnes was caught in the rain.

        The afternoon shower lasted only a few minutes.

    5. Sentence: A group of words that forms a complete thought. 
       A sentence begins with a capital   letter, ends with an end mark, and has a subject and a predicate.

I enjoy baseball games.
How old is your sister?
What big cats those tigers are!


 6. SubjectThe part of a sentence that names the person or thing the sentence is about. The subject is usually at the beginning of a sentence.

  

7Predicate: The word or words that tell what the subject of the sentence is or does.

   

8Verb: The main word in the predicate of a sentence. It tells what the subject is or does.
   
   

9. Linking Verb: verb that links the subject of a sentence to a word or words (in the predicate) that rename or  describe the subject.

Subject     Linking Verb     Predicate

Hedi is the star of the play.

She is an actress.

The audience seems very pleased with her performance.


10. Adverb: A word that describes a verb. An adverb may tell how, when, or where an action happens.

Allison's cat which is very large sleeps soundly. 
11. Pronoun: A word that takes the place of one or more nouns. Here are some pronouns

I   me  he him  she  her  it
you  we   us  they  them


Jim and Luen would like to share the ice-cream with Tara
They would like to share it with her
12. Common Noun: A word that names any person, place, thing, or idea. A common noun begins with a lowercase letter.

man

woman

girl

boy
cat       bird       fish       dog
pride

love

health

idea
book       pencil
shoe       bike
building         city         school         park

13. Proper Noun noun that tells the exact name of a person, place, or thing. Words that name people, places, titles, holidays, days of the week, and months of the year are proper nouns. Proper nouns are always capitalized.


14. Singular Noun: A noun that names one person, place, thing, or idea

pilot 
plane 
house 
test 
city 
pride 
manager 
gasoline 

15. Plural Noun: noun that names more than one person, place, thing, or idea. Add s or es to make most nouns plural. If a word ends in a consonant and y, change they to i and add es.

Singular
Plural
toy
dog
horse
lake

fox
dish
class
latch

kitty
baby
toys
dogs
horses
lakes

foxes
dishes
classes
latches

kitties
babies



16. Possessive Noun: 
A noun that shows ownership. An apostrophe or an apostrophe s are added to show possession. 
Singular Possessive Nouns
Regular Plurals
Irregular Plurals
girl's coat (one girl)
baby's blanket (one baby)
horse's saddle (one horse)
man's pen (one man)
child's book (one child)
woman's office (one woman)
Plural Possessive Nouns
Regular Plurals
Irregular Plurals
girls' coats (more than one girl)
babies' blankets (more than one baby)
horses' saddles (more than one horse)
men's pens (more than one man)
children's books (more than one child)
women's office (more than one woman)

17. Article
   
A word in a special group of adjectives that includes a, an, and the
          
18. Contraction:                                                                

A short way to write two words. When a contraction is made, one or more letters are left out. An apostrophe takes the place of the missing letter or letters.

You will    you'll
I will           I'll
Is not       isn't

19. Exclamation
sentence that shows strong feeling. Use an exclamation point at the end of an exclamation
You surprise me!
Wow, I am excited about this trip!
What a beautiful place this is!

A word that sounds like another word and is spelled the same but has a different meaning

Example:
 Fran walked home because her bike had a flat tire.
After an hour of walking, Fran began to tire.

A word that shows how a noun or a pronoun is related to another word in the sentence. Here are some prepositions:

A word that joins two or more words, phrases, or clausesAnd, or, and but are conjunctions.
My brother plays the flute, but he doesn't practice much.
Ken or Tony will arrive early and leave late.
A word or a group of words that express strong feeling. You can separate an interjection from the rest of a sentence with either an exclamation point or acomma, depending on the strength of the feeling.
 
Hey, is that your painting?
Wow! That's really amazing!
 
sentence that asks a question. An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark.
How long have you lived there?

When will you be home?
25. Tense

The verb form that tells the time of the action. It tells whether the action is happening now, has happened in the past, or will happen in the future.

13 comments:

  1. Yes i could hear the podcast.

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  2. I am so glad all of you can hear the podcast. Remember to listen to it everyday so that you are ready for the test by the end of the month. Good Luck!

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  3. Thanks Mrs.Singh.I wiil listen to it everyday.

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  4. the picturs are covering the comment!
    :( :( :( ! ! ! :( :( :( ! ! !

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